Brock Yates, an automotive journalist who founded an anarchic, cross-country road race in the 1970s, then fictionalized it in the script for the 1981 Burt Reynolds film “The Cannonball Run,” died on Wednesday in Batavia, N.Y. He was 82.
The cause was complications of Alzheimer’s disease, his son Brock Yates Jr. said.
With literary flair, Mr. Yates wrote more than a dozen books about cars and motor sports. He also wrote for The Washington Post, Playboy, The American Spectator and other publications, and worked in different capacities for Car and Driver magazine from the mid-1960s until about a decade ago.
He also had a rebellious streak, which was on display in the early 1970s when he and some colleagues from Car and Driver met for beers at a bar in New York City and discussed the state of racing. They decided that the sport had become staid and that an informal, cross-country race would be one way to enliven it.
They called it the Cannonball Baker Sea-to-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash, more commonly known as the Cannonball Run. Named after Erwin “Cannonball” Baker, a record-setting cross-country driver, it had only one rule: The vehicle that finishes first wins. The only prize was bragging rights. Mr. Yates planned the first race for the spring of 1971.
Besides him, several other people said they would participate, but when they all backed out, Mr. Yates went ahead anyway. He completed the 2,863-mile run in his Dodge van in 40 hours and 51 minutes.
After writing about the experience in Car and Driver, readers encouraged him to schedule another race. That November, eight vehicles — one a motor home — set out from Manhattan for the first competitive Cannonball Run.
Mr. Yates drove a Ferrari Daytona coupe with the auto racer Dan Gurney. They won, averaging 80 miles per hour and, on one deserted stretch, reached a top speed of 172 miles per hour. They made it from Manhattan to Redondo Beach, Calif., in 35 hours and 54 minutes, beating the second-place team by about an hour. (The motor home came in last.)
The race, held four more times during the 1970s, was covered by magazines and newspapers, and inspired two fictional films in 1976, “The Gumball Rally” and “Cannonball.”
The race’s outlaw appeal endured, and Mr. Yates capitalized on it when Hal Needham, the director of the car-oriented Bill Reynolds film “Smokey and the Bandit,” asked him to write the script that became “The Cannonball Run.”
Besides Mr. Reynolds, the film’s star-laden cast included Roger Moore, Farrah Fawcett, Dom DeLuise, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Terry Bradshaw and Jackie Chan.
In 1984, Mr. Yates started the Cannonball One Lap of America, which has since become the Tire Rack One Lap of America, a grueling loop around the country interspersed with time trials and other racetrack competitions.
Brock Wendel Yates was born in Lockport, N.Y., on Oct. 21, 1933, to Raymond F. Yates and the former Marguerite Wendel. His father wrote for The New York Herald Tribune and other newspapers and was the author of dozens of books, including one, “Sport and Racing Cars,” written with his son.
He graduated from Hobart College with a bachelor’s degree in history in 1955 and served in the Navy.
His books include “Sunday Driver: The Writer Meets the Road — At 175 MPH” (1972), “Enzo Ferrari: The Man, the Cars, the Races, the Machine” (1991) and “Cannonball! World’s Greatest Outlaw Road Race” (2002). He and Jerry Belson wrote the screenplay for “Smokey and the Bandit II” (1980).
Mr. Yates’s marriage to Sally Kingsley in 1955 ended in divorce. In the late 1970s, he married Pamela Reynolds, with whom he lived in Fairport, N.Y.
In addition to his wife and his son Brock Jr., he is survived by another son, Daniel, and a daughter, Claire Lilly, all from his first marriage; a stepdaughter, Stacy Bradley; and three grandchildren.